Research Summaries

Research Summaries

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Observational studies suggest that lower educational attainment EA may be associated with risky alcohol use behaviors; however, these findings may be biased by confounding and reverse causality. Fifty-three independent genome-wide significant SNPs previously associated with EA were tested for association with alcohol use behaviors. Genetic instruments associated with increased EA reduced AD risk: an additional 3.

Risk factors for drinking over a woman’s life span

Our Covid related resources page includes a list of some existing resources which may be useful when researching issues related to COVID Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Risk factors to health. Canberra: AIHW. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Health risk factors are attributes, characteristics or exposures that increase the likelihood For the most up to date information on COVID please visit the Alcohol consumption can also play a part in excess energy intake.

A risk factor is anything that increases your chances of getting a disease. A lot of the evidence about the risk factors for pancreatic cancer is unclear. Some studies may find that something increases the risk, while others may show that it has no effect. There is good evidence that age , smoking , being overweight , a family history of pancreatic cancer , pancreatitis , and diabetes may increase your risk of pancreatic cancer. The risk of developing pancreatic cancer increases with age, as with many other cancers.

We know that smoking cigarettes and cigars can cause pancreatic cancer. Your risk of pancreatic cancer increases the more you smoke, and the longer you have smoked for. Stopping smoking can reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer. Around 5—10 years after stopping, your risk may return to what it would be if you had never smoked.

Effects of the frequency of alcohol intake on risk factors for coronary heart disease

Research demonstrates that most rape victims fall into the age group of years, and most victims know their perpetrator prior to the rape. This article reviews the prevalence of date and acquaintance rape and the associated risk factors among adolescents and young adults. A variety of studies conducted over the last 50 years are reviewed. Rape prevention programs and recommended future directions of study are also discussed.

Rape has been broadly classified into two categories. Stranger rape is defined as nonconsensual sex between two individuals who did not know each other before the sexual act.

Alcohol consumption is a major risk factor exhibiting a complex In this study, using the largest, publicly available GWASs to date, we.

Many people consider alcohol to be part of the Australian culture and way of life. There are harms associated with drinking too much both on a single occasion and over a lifetime. These can be serious and even life threatening. Statistics show that the serious consequences caused by drinking too much on a single occasion generally fall into three categories:. National guidelines recommend that you have no more than four standard drinks on a single occasion to reduce your risk of an alcohol related injury.

There are four guidelines to reduce health risks from drinking alcohol. If four or more standard drinks put you at risk of injury, it makes sense that it may also put you and the people around you at risk of legal and social consequences. Although it varies between individuals, there is a relationship between the concentration of alcohol in the blood Blood Alcohol Concentration and its effects.

The body will only process around one standard drink per hour. This means, for every standard drink you have, it will take one hour for your BAC to return back to 0. Alcohol starts to affect the brain within five minutes of being consumed. The blood alcohol concentration BAC peaks about 30 to 45 minutes after one standard drink is consumed. Rapid consumption of multiple drinks results in a higher BAC because on average, a person can only break down one standard drink per hour.

To reduce risk when drinking, the most important point to remember is to not drink more than the levels recommended in the national guidelines.

Alcohol and stroke

Visit coronavirus. Using drugs affects your brain, alters your judgment, and lowers your inhibitions. These behaviors can increase your risk of exposure to HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. And if you inject drugs, you are at risk for getting or transmitting HIV and hepatitis B and C if you share needles or equipment or “works” used to prepare drugs, like cotton, cookers, and water.

Review of moderate alcohol consumption and reduced risk of coronary heart disease: Is the effect due to beer, wine or spirits? Br Med J ; –

BUCK, M. This work was supported by a grant to Dr. Conservative estimates of sexual assault prevalence suggest that 25 percent of American women have experienced sexual assault, including rape. Approximately one-half of those cases involve alcohol consumption by the perpetrator, victim, or both. Alcohol contributes to sexual assault through multiple pathways, often exacerbating existing risk factors. Sexual assault 1 1 For a definition of this and other terms used in this article, see the glossary, p.

Risk factors for pancreatic cancer

Visit cdc. Report No. DOT HS

Excessive alcohol consumption, notably binge drinking, can be an important risk factor for HIV because it is linked to risky sexual behaviors and.

Globally, alcohol consumption is a significant public health concern and it is one of the most important risk behaviours among university students. Alcohol consumption can lead to poor academic performance, injuries, fights, use of other substances, and risky sexual behaviours among students. However, the study explored the prevalence of alcohol consumption and the associated risk factors among university students since these have not been fully examined in previous research. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of alcohol consumption and the associated risk factors among university students in Myanmar.

The present cross-sectional study was conducted using a sample of year-old university students who were selected from six universities in Mandalay, Myanmar, in August In total, 3, students males: 1, and females: 2, were recruited and asked to respond to a self-administered questionnaire. The prevalence of alcohol consumption in the previous 30 days was The present study revealed that males, smokers, peer alcohol consumption, and truant students had higher odds of alcohol consumption among the students.

Therefore, effective campus-based counselling, peer education, and national surveillance systems that can monitor risky drinking behaviours among university students should be implemented. Further, government regulations that control the production, sale, promotion, advertising, and restriction of alcohol should be well developed and strengthened, as in the case of other Southeast Asian countries. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Antonia Abbey

No account yet? Start here. Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart rhythm disorder and raises the risk of stroke by five-fold.

Examined the relationship between alcohol consumption and dating risk factors for sexual assault with undergraduate women. Over half of the Ss had.

A cross-sectional study was conducted in male workers to examine whether the weekly frequency of alcohol intake affected serum lipids and blood pressure, which are risk factors for coronary heart disease, independently of the weekly alcohol consumption. Information regarding life-style habits and current medication was obtained by questionnaire. The effects of the frequency were examined using Tukey’s test in the groups of drinkers divided according to their alcohol consumption.

There were no significant relations between the frequency of drinking and total cholesterol, or blood pressure in these three groups. Similar results were obtained when values were adjusted for age, body-mass index, smoking, physical activity and weekly alcohol consumption. The results suggest that the weekly frequency of drinking may affect the levels of HDL-cholesterol independently of the weekly alcohol consumption. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Risk factors to health

Underage drinking is a major public health and social problem in the U. The ability to identify at-risk children before they initiate heavy alcohol use has immense clinical and public health implications. A new study has found that demographic factors, cognitive functioning, and brain features during the early-adolescence ages of 12 to 14 years can predict which youth eventually initiate alcohol use during later adolescence around the age of We are publishing the script we used for the analyses so other groups can replicate findings, in hopes that a final, validated model can be used clinically to predict adolescent alcohol use.

factors that increase the risk of becoming a victim or perpetrator, and the role of public health in prevention. 1 Harmful use is defined as a pattern of alcohol use.

Moderate drinking can be healthy—but not for everyone. You must weigh the risks and benefits. The debate still simmers today, with a lively back-and-forth over whether alcohol is good for you or bad for you. The difference lies mostly in the dose. Moderate drinking seems to be good for the heart and circulatory system, and probably protects against type 2 diabetes and gallstones. Heavy drinking is a major cause of preventable death in most countries.

In the U. The active ingredient in alcoholic beverages, a simple molecule called ethanol, affects the body in many different ways.

Role of Homeopathy in Acute Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome

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