The Cultural History of Madikwe

The Cultural History of Madikwe

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Traces of early Tswana turn up in North West

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One of the widely spoken Bantu languages in Southern Africa, with presence in 4 countries. Language; Watch · Edit · Phrasebooks > Tswana phrasebook.

Together the Nguni and Sotho account for the largest percentage of the total Black population. About 4 million Tswana people live in southern Africa; 3 million in South Africa and 1 million in the nation of Botswana. In South Africa, many Tswana live in the area that formed the numerous segments of the former homeland, Bophuthatswana, as well as neighboring areas of the North-West Province and the Northern Cape.

Tswana people are also found in most urban areas throughout South Africa. Tswana culture, social organizations, ceremonies, language and religious beliefs are similar to that of the other two Sotho groups Pedi and Sotho , although some Tswana chiefdoms were more highly stratified than those of other Sotho groups or the Nguni.

Tswana culture is often distinguished for its complex legal system, involving a hierarchy of courts and mediators, and harsh punishments for those found guilty of crimes. Like many neighboring Nguni peoples, the Sotho traditionally relied on a combination of livestock raising and crop cultivation for subsistence. Most Sotho people were traditionally herders of cattle, goats, and sheep, and cultivators of grains and tobacco.

Setswana: Dibuka tsa Setswana

When I decided to study abroad in Botswana, I did not expect to date while I was there. I was excited to engage with locals of course, but dating was the last thing on my mind, with so many other activities to pursue. It turned out that I got along quite naturally with Batswana people from Botswana , and my social life grew quickly. Before I knew it, I was making tons of friends, joining school clubs, frequenting music venues… and yes, even dating. I found out that fulfilling the fantasy of a foreign romance is not as easy as movies have you believe, but it is a good way to learn about another culture.

These are some of my experiences dating in a non-Western culture, but I believe they can apply to many types of relationships, especially cross-cultural.

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Dating in Botswana: A Few Things You Need to Know

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Show simple item record. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Show simple item record dc. The comparison also incorporates the material culture which was obtained through archaeological excavations of a midden at the summit of the hill. The excavated pottery was analysed through multi-dimensional analyses and X-Ray Fluorescence while the faunal material was analysed through the taxonomic method.

Dates from excavated charcoal suggest an early 17th century occupation. However, Selonskraal South has some unique architecture in the form of rectilinear structures located at the summit and the foot of the hill to the east. Name: NgondzasheMangoro Size: 2. Format: PDF.

Tswana people

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South: Tswana

Sometimes, even friendships can be as strong as brotherhood or sisterhood. However, growing urbanisation, Christianity and the effects of European colonialism have contributed to a trend towards nuclear families, monogamous marriages and individualism in the cities. Extended family units comprising multiple generations are still visible in rural areas, meanwhile the immediately family usually lives alone in urban areas. However, even in nuclear households, one still has deep connections and obligations to other relatives, especially in times of need.

For example, if elders get sick, they will move in so the family can take care of them. Furthermore, if relatives have recently moved into town, the family will allow them to live in their house until they find suitable arrangements.

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The Tswana language is a member of Sotho-Tswana language group which belongs to the Bantu language family group. Both Northern Sotho and Sesotho derive from the Setswana language and the people speaking these languages are an offshoot of the tswana people. The Batswana are descended mainly from Bantu-speaking tribes who migrated southward of Africa around AD, living in tribal enclaves as farmers and herders.

The Toutswe were based in the eastern region of what is now Botswana, relying on Tswana cattle breed held in kraals as their source of wealth. The arrival of the ancestors of the Tswana-speakers who came to control the region from the Vaal River to Botswana has yet to be dated precisely although AD seems to be a consensus estimate.

This massive cattle-raising complex prospered until AD or so. All these various peoples were connected to trade routes that ran via the Limpopo River to the Indian Ocean, and trade goods from Asia such as beads made their way to Botswana most likely in exchange for ivory, gold and rhinoceros horn. Members of the Bakwena, a chieftaincy under a legendary leader named Kgabo II, made their way into the southern Kalahari by AD , at the latest, and his people drove the Bakgalagadi inhabitants west into the desert.

Botswana: My marriage was wrecked

I got married in and was blessed with five children, one boy and four girls. My relationship with my husband gradually soured and in we divorced. We were running a transport business and my husband was the driver. This meant that he would spend most of his time transporting commuters within Mochudi. This gave him easy access to money and women, and within no time he had more than three girlfriends in Mochudi.

CrossRef citations to date. 0. Altmetric. Original Articles. Reconnecting Tswana Archaeological Sites with their Descendants: The Challenge of.

In archaeologists unearthed many artifacts in the Reserve dating back from the early Stone Age to the late Stone Age between 1,, and years ago. These artifacts, consisting of various stone tools, confirm that Stone Age man lived and hunted in Madikwe. Many of these artifacts were found close to outcrops of the stone used to create the tools, along the Marico River, close to Tweedepoort Ridge.

The Iron Age covers the past 2, years. Sorghum and millet cultivate and livestock farming, pottery making and metal smelting gave these people more control over their daily and longer-term existence. The economic and social advantages of this more stable lifestyle allowed for larger family groups, which cause a southern migration to less densely populated areas. Their huts were cylindrical, with mud-plastered walls and thatched conical roofs. Cattle enclosures and fences around the settlement are made from thorn tree branches.

Building of the thousands of interlinked circular stone walled structured, which can be seen today, began in about AD. Sotho-Tswana pottery, called Moloko, dating between the 15 th and 17 th centuries has been found on red soil patches at the base of the Tweedepoort Ridge and along the eastern half of the Dwarsberge, all within the Reserve.

In Madikwe, the red soil was preferred to the black clay as it could support sorghum and millet agriculture and provide a stable foundation for huts:. Some early Sothu-Tswana settlements contained late Stone Age flakes and scrapers, indicating that San people probably worked in the homesteads. Among the first Sotho-Twana groups to arrive in the area were the Hurutshe people who settled along the Marico River.


Formerly Bechuanaland Protectorate under the British, Botswana became independent in Bot swana means “place of Tswana” in the dominant national language Set swana , and the citizenry are called Bat swana, or Tswana people. The term Batswana, however, bears a double meaning. In government rhetoric, it refers to all citizens of Botswana.

The earliest dated Iron Age site in Botswana is an iron – smelting furnace in the dating to around AD by the Molepolole River and a similar one has been TSWANA HISTORY The Tswana rose to domination from among a number of.

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Fred Morton does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Land expropriation, a hot topic in South Africa, has taken a new twist. Until now, the Natives Land Act of was considered the cutoff point. I regret to say that my fellow historians and I are unlikely to provide much clarity when policymakers must come up with reliable formulas regarding land claims.

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Tswana Setswana is spoken in Botswana and South Africa. Setswana Info wiki – A Tswana reference for residents of Botswana. Dumela One person Dumelang More than one person Dumela Rra – when addressing a man, Dumela Borra – when addressing men, more than one Dumela Mma – when addressing a woman m Dumela Bomma – when addressing women, more than one Hello. Fine, thank you.

Nice to meet you. Excuse me. I’m sorry. A o bua sekgowa? Is there someone here who speaks English? Look out!

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